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Bariatric Obesity


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    Bariatric obesity surgery is one of the emerging treatment methods for the problem of obesity, which occurs due to reasons such as changing human eating habits, lifestyle, increasing home work, eating habits, eating disorders, insulin resistance and inactivity. Obesity is one of the most important health problems that arise, especially in developed and developing countries.

    Nutrition is an indispensable necessity of life that starts in the womb at first and continues until the end of life. It is the ability to receive the nutrients necessary for growth, human development, a healthy and productive life in sufficient and balanced quantities for a long time.

    While performing activities in daily life, the energy consumed and the energy spent should be kept in balance in order to protect individuals from diseases regardless of age, gender, work, genetic and physiological characteristics and to live a healthy life.

    Adipose tissue accounts for 18% of the body weight of adult men and 25% of the body weight of women. Obesity is defined by the fact that adipose tissue is more than 20% in men and more than 30% in women. At the same time, modern technological developments have simplified life, but have greatly limited daily travel.

    To put it briefly, bariatric obesity surgery is performed to treat a health problem called obesity. Obesity is considered as a disease that negatively affects the quality and duration of life, resulting from the excess energy (calories) taken with nutrients being more than the energy consumed and the excess energy being stored in the body as fat (or more). It is accepted by the WHO (World Health Organization) and is defined as the accumulation of excess fat in the body.

    What is Bariatric Obesity Surgery

    Today, many people in our country also live an unhealthy life due to obesity, and bariatric bariatric surgery is offered as a way to solve this problem. The most effective and lifelong treatment of obesity is with surgical treatment methods. The most common procedure for this purpose is tube stomach surgery. October Latin Sleeve Gastrectomy is called this procedure and in addition to tube stomach surgery, it is also known as stomach reduction surgery or banana stomach surgery. All these terms have the same meaning.

    During tube stomach surgery, 75% to 85% of the stomach is removed. The removed part of the stomach is the area that secretes 80% of the hormone ghrelin (hunger hormone). Obese people who have undergone this procedure are satiated with much less food than before, both because their stomachs have shrunk and because the stomach that causes hunger has been removed. People who eat less lose weight very comfortably in a year.

    For example, a person who is 170 cm tall and 120 kg can give 16 kg in the first month after surgery, 11 kg in the second month, 4-5 kg in the third month, even 3-4 kg per month in the following months. Although a lot of weight is lost in the first few months, losing weight can sometimes pause. In this case, there should be no worries and exercises should be continued with the nutrition program.

    Bariatric Obesity Postoperative Obesity

    Bariatric obesity surgery is an operation that provides high success rates. After these operations, individuals experience a serious weight loss in the first months. The reason for this is that after tube stomach surgery, both the stomach shrinks and the hunger hormone is secreted much less, resulting in a feeling of satiety very quickly.

    Only the existing organ, that is, the stomach, is smaller. For this reason, uncontrolled and unnecessary overeating is prevented. Now, instead of eating out of control, the stomach sends a satiety signal after eating a few spoons, preventing the person from eating too much.

    Since the stomach will shrink after bariatric obesity surgery and the feeling of fullness will come faster, attention should be paid to important sources such as vitamin protein, fat in the meals eaten. It should be remembered that the most important way to lose weight and maintain shape after losing weight is eating habits. For this reason, continuing to eat with old eating habits even after bariatric surgery can cause quite a lot of problems.

    How Should Bariatric Obesity Be Postoperative Nutrition

    Some of the most asked questions after bariatric obesity surgery are whether the stomach will grow again and how nutrition will be. After bariatric surgery, the stomach grows slightly within a few years. Even if he grows up in the following years, this is not something to worry about. Because the stomach never grows as much as it used to.

    In addition, the stomach does not create a problem if it is not too difficult, since it will get used to eating with a small portion and a healthy eating program after surgery. The items that need to be considered about nutrition after obesity surgery can be listed as follows:

    It is necessary to switch to solid foods gradually, not suddenly. The process of nutrition stages after surgery supports this condition. There is a period of liquid nutrition, pureed nutrition and solid nutrition, respectively.
    First of all, drinks that have too many calories and do not contribute to weight loss should not be consumed. Freshly squeezed fruit juices can be consumed instead of such drinks.
    Sugar makes you fat because of the calories. This raises blood sugar and increases the feeling of hunger. Therefore, sugar consumption should be minimized, if possible, it should be left.
    Plenty of water should be consumed.
    The consumption of carbonated beverages should be avoided. Although there are carbonated drinks such as soda and cola, there is also gas in cold tea and similar drinks. Especially the first 3 months should not be drunk at all.
    Only high-calorie snacks that do not benefit the body in terms of nutritional value should not be consumed.
    After the solid nutrition period, food should be thoroughly chewed before swallowing.